Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic mental illness involving obsessions, compulsions, or both.
People with OCD typically experience obsessions or repetitive unwanted thoughts that trigger an extreme urge to repeat a particular behavior. Then act on that urge or urge to relieve the obsession.
Many people double-check whether the front door is locked or the stove is turned off. It’s also very common to have a superstition or two, such as knocking on a tree or wearing your team’s jersey during a game. These habits can help boost your confidence, but they don’t automatically indicate OCD.
For people with OCD, these rituals are not a matter of personal choice. Rather, they complicate and disrupt daily life. Many people with OCD perceive the thoughts and beliefs that drive their obsessions as illogical, or at least highly unlikely.
Still they try them to:
Relieves suffering caused by intrusive obsessions
prevent stubborn fears from becoming reality
OCD has two main types of symptoms.
Obsessions and compulsions. Many people living with OCD experience both obsessions and urges, but some experience one or the other.
These symptoms are not temporary or transitory. Even mild symptoms can take at least an hour each day and greatly interfere with daily life.
Obsessions and compulsions can interfere with your ability to pay attention at school or complete tasks at work. They may prevent you from going to school, work, or other places.
They may realize that their obsessions are not true or that their compulsions are not actually doing anything to prevent them. increase.
The content of obsessive thoughts can vary from person to person, but a few common themes include:
- Worried about germs, dirt and disease.
- Fear of hurting yourself or others.
- Fear of saying offensive or obscene things.
- The need to align, organize, or symmetrical possessions.
These unwanted and intrusive thoughts will come back no matter how much you try to ignore or suppress them.
Examples of compulsions in OCD include:
- Wash hands, objects, body
- Organize or align objects in a particular way
- Count or repeat specific sentences
- Touch something a certain number of times
- Seek verification from others
A compulsion can be thought of as a response to an obsession. When an obsession occurs, you may feel the need to take steps to reduce the anxiety and stress it causes, or to prevent the obsession from becoming a reality.
What Causes OCD?
Experts don’t know exactly what causes OCD, but a family history of the condition can play a big role. more likely to be sick.
Irregular development and impairment of certain areas of the brain are also associated with this condition.
Risk Factors and Triggers for OCD
If you are genetically more likely to develop obsessive-compulsive disorder, other factors may also increase your chances of developing this condition.
Some of the factors are:
- Stress or Trauma
- Childhood Abuse
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Childhood acute neuropsychiatric symptoms (CANS).
However, be aware that it is possible that you may have a family history of OCD along with other risk factors and still not develop the condition yourself. There is a possibility.
Effects of OCD on Mental Health
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder can have various adverse effects on health and it can cause other mental diseases including:
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Tourette syndrome
- social anxiety disorder
- eating disorders
- OCD Diagnosis
If you suffer from obsessions or obsessions, a trained psychiatrist can help you diagnose and find the best treatment.
Symptoms of OCD first appear in childhood in about half of people with the disorder. Symptoms often begin gradually, so they may not be immediately noticeable. In fact, many people live with this condition for years before seeking help.
Talking about your OCD symptoms can be difficult. Especially if you’ve already tried and been turned down.
Severity of OCD
OCD usually begins in the teenage years or adolescence, but it can also begin in early childhood. Symptoms usually begin slowly and vary in severity throughout life. The types of obsessions and compulsions you experience can also change over time. Symptoms generally worsen with increased stress. Usually thought of as a lifelong disability, OCD can have mild to moderate symptoms or can be so severe and time-consuming that it leads to disability.
Living with OCD
Talking about OCD with people around you can be difficult. And nothing says you have to share your diagnosis until you are ready. It just makes things worse.
Reaching out to family, friends, and other loved ones is an easy way to get not just emotional support, but the other kinds of support you need. This may improve your overall health.
Joining an OCD support group is another great way to connect with people who understand what you’re going through.